The broad functions of the Directorate of Archaeology are as under:
a.Preservation of the National Cultural heritage.
b.Protection of ancient monuments as per Antiquities Act of 1968.
c.Maintenance, Conservation and repair of ‘protected’ sites and monuments all over the country as per Archaeological Works Code.
d.Planning of exploration and excavation.
e.Exploration and Excavation of ancient sites as per pre-planned program.
f.Decipherment and study of ancient epigraphic records including stone inscriptions, copper plates, coins and manuscripts in Sanskrit, Arabic and Persian.
g.Planning, establishment and maintenance of Museums for the preservation and presentation of movable cultural antiquities.
h.Control and regulation of antiquities as per Antiquity Act of 1968.
i.Publication of books, brochures, guide books, view cards and other publicity materials for the presentation of our cultural heritage with a view to provide most reliable information to National and International scholars devoted to the study and reconstruction of our history.
j.Systematic and exhaustive Survey for preparing a complete documentation of all protected and unprotected mounds and monuments of historical and cultural importance.
k.Collection of antiquities and their study and research.
l.Construction of Museum building, Staff Quarters, Rest Houses, Visitor-sheds and other civil buildings at archaeological sites under the supervision of the departmental Engineers and Architect.
m.Maintenance of a specialized library.
n.Research on our cultural heritage.
o.Collection and preservation of ethnological objects of the tribal peoples and their preservation in the ethnological museum to facilitate study and ethnological research.
p.Chemical treatment of ancient monuments and other movable antiquities discovered in excavation of ancient sites or otherwise, and those in the Museums.
q.Coordination of the UNESCO Missions activities for the restoration and preservation of our national heritage.
r.Liaison between administrative ministry and other educational institutions including universities and other autonomous museums.
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